Journalism basically consists of two stages, the first part is investigating an event or issue, and the second is reporting the story to the public. However, in order to answer the question of what is journalism, we here at journalisimo.com go into more specific details. For instance, there is more than just one type of journalism, related to several different areas such as arts, business, entertainment, environment, fashion, medicine, politics, science, sports, technical, trade, traffic, weather and world news. The journalism content that is reported to an audience is called the news. The news is usually conveyed by a news journal.
A news journal is more often than not a daily recount of events and occurrences that are of interest to the public. The most common format for this is that of the newspaper. The material published in a newspaper may include editorial opinions, criticism, persuasion and op-eds; obituaries; entertainment features like crossword puzzles, sudoku and horoscopes; weather news and forecasts; advice, food and other columns; radio, film, television, play and restaurant reviews; classified ads; display ads, radio and television listings, inserts from local merchants, editorial cartoons, gag cartoons and comic strips. Other forms of news broadcasts may roughly fall under the category of news journals as well, for example radio and television news, and online newspapers.
The journalism professionals who work at a news journal are known as journalists. Journalists can be either reporters (who create reports or articles for broadcast or publication in mass media) or columnists (writes pieces that appear in newspapers or magazines, frequently combining facts with personal opinion). Journalists can also be editors, photographers, graphic artists, and page designers. Two of the most famous journalists in history are probably The Washington Post's Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein; together, they were fundamental in uncovering the Watergate scandal. Another journalism champion was Edward R. Murrow, who was a fervent critic of senator Joseph McCarthy and his Red Scare.
These names, as well as others, represent a tradition of journalism that has been decaying in the last decades. Journalism entails a responsibility to the public and society, a standard of ethics that provides a moral compass for reporters. Some of the ethic standards of journalism have to do with accurate and factual reporting (reliable sources, independent fact checking, publish correction, etc), slander and libel considerations (reporting the truth without malice, respecting privacy rights), harm limitation principle (showing compassion for those who may be negatively affected by news coverage, recognizing that collecting and reporting information may cause discomfort and that private people have a greater right to control information about themselves than public officials, showing good taste) and presentation (speaking and writing correctly and with clarity). If you would like to learn more about the craft of journalism, stay here at journalisimo.com.